Mary Queen of Scots
Mary Queen of Scots
Francis II of France
Francis II of France
MARY QUEEN OF SCOTS


.....During the Elizabethan time period, which was from 1550-1650, Mary Stuart was born. Mary was born about four hundred sixty-eight years ago on December 8, 1542 in Linlithgow Place in Scotland(Lofz,Phillips 13). Her mother was Mary of Guise and her father James V of Scotland(Lofz, Phillips 13). Mary Stuart never met her father because he had died on December 14, 1542 and didn't even want to give Mary his blessings. Mary was the only surviving child from her mother, her brothers had died when they were first born or a few days after(Lofz, Phillips 13). She was then immediately proclaimed Queen of Scotland. Mary was the surviving child and went through a very full and busy life from birth to her unusual death. As a result of her rush into growing up and ruling at a young age she was kind to others and more understanding then most royal.
.....Mary began her life as Queen of Scotland when she was born. Then the summer of 1543 Mary was moved to Stirling a castle near the west coast in Scotland, when she was seven months old(Lofz, Phillips 14-15). Three thousand men had been protecting her during the move to make sure nothing would happen to the next Queen of Scotlandlofz Phillips 14-15). Then when Mary was four she was betrothed to Frances prince next in line the son of Henry II, Francis II of France(Lofz, Phillips 25). Mary didn't technically start learning till she was five years of age. When she was five years old she moved to France to begin her education of becoming Queen and ruler of Scotland and France later on in her life.
Lord Darnley
Lord Darnley

.....A few years later on April 24, 1558 she was married to Francis II of France at the age of 16(Lofz, Phillips 39). He was later then crowned king of France. Dauphin had past away in 1560. In 1561 Mary returned to Scotland soon after it became a protestant countryLofz, Phillips 54). Before the 1560s the Roman Catholic Church had been Scotland’s official church. Mary was catholic but didn't oppose to spread the protestant faith at first, but then changed her mind later on(Greaves 239). Then a few years later on 1564 she married her cousin Henry Stuart who was also known as Lord Darnley(Greaves 239). He then gained to much power and Mary found out she married a horrible man and she grew to hate him with a passion(Greaves 239). Rumors then developed that Mary was having an affair with her private secretary and Italian musician named David Riccio(Greaves 239). Later on a band of protestant nobles dragged him from Mary's presence and stabbed him to death on March 1566(Greaves 239). The leader of this was Lord Darnley Mary's husband, but Mary fled with him to Dunbar to preserve her power(Lofz, Phillips 67). Three months later Mary gave birth to King James I of England(Lofz. Phillips79). Mary still hated Darnley and began to show more affection for James Hepbum Earl of Bothweth(Greaves 239). In 1567 Lord Darnley was murdered and Bothweth were suspects to Darnley's death(Rose118). Then Mary made a very big mistake of marrying Bothweth three months after Darnley's death(Rose118).
.....In 1567 Mary was imprisoned for the suspicion of Darnley's death(Rose 118). Then in 1568 she escaped and raised a small army but most people in Scotland opposed her, her forces were defeated(Rose118). Mary was next in line for the throne of England after her cousin Queen Elizabeth I. Mary refused to see her as Queen which began trouble. In 1569 Mary tried to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I and was then imprisoned for years(Rose 118). Later on, on February 8, 1587 Mary was beheaded(Greaves 239). A few months later on July 30, 1587 Mary's body was taken from Fotheringhavy and placed in a vault in the cathedral of Peterborough in a protestant ceremony(Greaves 239). In 1603 James took throne of Scotland and then in 1612 James was persuaded to honor his mother by having her body moved to a tomb in Westminster, London(Lofz, Phillips 136).
.....Mary Stuart, Mary Queen of Scots was a very powerful women and had a tough life. She went through many deaths in her family and had to be forced to grow up and not live a normal childhood. Mary was always being told what to do and how to do it. She married three different men and was blamed for her 2nd marriages death which she was never proven innocent. Which lead to her trying to take over her cousin Queen Elizabeth I spot in the throne((Greaves 239). Then caused her execution of being beheaded. As a result of her rush into growing up and ruling at a young age she was still kind to others and more understanding then most royal.
Work Cited

Mary Queen of Scots